One other thing that is very helpful in the case of small breed dogs or diabetic dogs is to keep karo syrup on hand or glucose in a tube. In the case of severely low blood sugar, rubbing a bit of this on the dogs gums can save their life until you can get it to the vet to be stablized.
Very young small breed dogs can become hypoglycemic very easily if they don't eat well or go to long between meals. Diabetic dogs may be overdosed on insulin if they haven't eaten well and their blood sugar is not checked regularly. Either of these conditions can result in a life threatening coma and requires immediate help. Karo syrup or glucose is a must for any first aid kit.
Peroxide aids in reducing blod clots of the wound and therefore
should be used sparingly, especially on large wounds.
It should however be used to wash around the wound as it does
remove blood better than plain water, and alcohol burns your pup.
Ear wounds are very serious, especially penetration wounds, as the
ear has a significant number of blood vessels and bleeds easily. Simply
apply pressure to these wounds until the flow stops. Peroxide is
definately not an item you should use for ear wounds OR on cuts that
are more than 1/2 inch or deep.
I recently wrote an article on my blog that includes "dog emergency pack"
and some other dog emergency info.
My dogs are almost human and I treat them as such, I'm sure you do too.
By the way, this also goes for people, except we're only a little smarter
than dogs so we can pay more attention to our wounds.
"The normal body temperature range for adult dogs is 37.5-39.2 °C (99.5-102.5 F°), taken in normal room temperatures for a resting dog."
"There are many different types of thermometers; each model has an optimum time needed to complete the job."
"The most common inexpensive thermometer choice is a rectal "mercury" thermometer. These days, manufacturers have replaced the mercury inside with a non-toxic red liquid. This non-mercury type is the safe model to use. For most accurate use, slide it into the rectum so that almost all of it is inside. Keep a hold of it, or use one with a string or tape attached to prevent loss of the instrument! If it feels like it has entered some stool (high resistance), remove it and replace it. Accurate readings require the thermometer to be along the rectum wall. Make sure that the dog is restrained so that sudden movement cannot occur. Thermometer breakage can occur if an active dog moves vigorously. Apply a thin layer of lubricant before inserting. Vaseline® or water-soluble jelly will do. Make sure the thermometer is properly cleaned between uses by a soapy wash, then a wipe with alcohol. Many people prefer to wear disposable gloves while taking a rectal temperature. This is a good way to prevent soiling of hands. If gloves are not worn, it is important to remember to wash hands carefully with soap and water afterwards. This type of thermometer usually requires between one and three minutes to stabilize. If the temperature is not going up within a 15 second interval, you can generally assume it has reached the correct temperature reading. Remember to shake down the thermometer before each use. Not doing this is a common source of error. It should be shaken down adjacent to the lower end of the scale, not just back into the normal temperature range if the last registry was in a fever range. Many find reading a traditional thermometer a bit of a challenge since it often needs to be rotated to view the liquid core, and interpreting temperature readings between the marks can lead to inaccuracy."
"If there is soiling on the outside of the thermometer, remove this material before taking the reading to ensure an unobstructed view of the core."
You'll be able to notice a difference in how they're acting, maybe they're not eating like normal, their pooping/peeing schedual is different and what comes out is different looking/smelling than normal. Changes in panting, drinking, playing, how much attention they want....these can all signal a change.
You can give human meds to dogs, but it really depends on WHAT you're wanting to give and why. It's always best to check with your vet before administering any medication.
"There's a start. I should know what to use to induce vomiting, but I'm really not sure. We'll have to do some research on possible poisoning first aid . . "
my grandad used to tell us to give your dog a raw egg... it wont hurt them and it induces vomiting should they ever swallow something hazardous like poison... he has used this on his dogs for years anytime theres a stomach problem... he gives his cats raw eggs to make their coat shiny... cats will lap it up bc it doesnt effect them the way it effects dogs... cats do not throw up by eating raw eggs(at least mine never have and my grandads cats never have) but dogs will not drink them on their own you have to pour into their mouth like you would a liquid medicine.
Benedryl can be used to treat allergic reactions and that can range from mild to severe. This includes bee stings & snake bites.
Vaseline can be used to seal small wounds. If the injury is causing air to escape from your dog’s body, coat a gauze pad with Vaseline or Petroleum Jelly and place it over the wound to seal it. Transport your dog to the closest animal hospital or veterinary clinic immediately.
An Ice Pack can be used to treat burns. Use cold water or ice to sooth the injury and take your puppy to the nearest animal hospital or veterinary clinic immediately... but never put antibiotics, antiseptics or cortisone on burns that are suffered by your dog.