The Black Russian Terrier
BLACK RUSSIAN TERRIER AKA BRT
I noticed that many folks set up their descriptives closely following breed standard layout.
First I will say that the breed standard varies country to country with more or less importance placed on different breed attributes/characteristics. This breed is recognized by the AKC and the FCI and of course by the RKF in Russian.
Origin: This breed was created in Russia with the work commencing after WWII. The Red Star Kennel was assigned the task to develop a military, working protect and guard dog. Ideally these dogs would work in military bases, prisons, security arenas et al. There were many different breeds used to create this breed, but generally speaking 4 main breeds were considered to contribute significantly to the BRT; namely Giant Schnauzer, Airedale, Newfoundland, and Rottweiler.
Color: Is Black or Black with some grey hairs dispersed throughout the coat. At times there will be some off colors being borne, but the only acceptable color for showring is Black.
Size: They are large powerfull dogs, with males running anywhere from 26-30" in height and up to about 130 lbs. This breed is sex typed, so females should be smaller, but still would be considered a large dog.
Temperament: Stability in temperament is key. They are aloof to strangers. But are loving and very loyal to their families. They have an active defense response. Alert, curious, and dominant. These dogs are not for the first time dog owner, and require early and continued socialization, and obedience training to truly thrive in their lives.
They are a very versatile working dog, doing almost anything your heart desires, as long as they are with you they are very happy.
Exercise: They would love to be a lap dog and couch potatoe if you want, but please give them at least 60 minutes a day, in any combo of walks, obedience training, agility, swimming, etc. They can put their minds n hearts to almost any task, be it draft work, field work, scent work, obedience, rally, weight pull, dock diving, etc.
Coat and Grooming: They have a double coat, a rougher textured broken outer coat, and a soft undercoat. Their grooming needs are moderate to high, depending on how long you keep their coat, and the denseness of their undercoat. As such the type of shedding you get is like little hair tumbleweeds.
Children??? THat is always a question. Blackies are very good with their families children and will be very protective of their people. My personal feeling is that, as long as you do have the time to do the intensive training necessary as well as look after your young children, then your Blackie will do just fine.
Training: Very intelligent and quick learners, they also can be stubborn and dominant. Ideally your Blackie should be trained to at least the CD level. That is Companion dog level of obedience. THey usually thrive on varied training exercises. Their prey drive is variable, but their protect drive is usually very high. They will alert you to intruders for sure, but their primarily purpose is to protect humans, so rather than chase or run out to meet a threat, they will stay close in to you.
You can visit www.akc.org to look at some pictures of this beautifull breed.
Scent-hounds. Have the pleading expression that is common to Hound Breeds (2001 introduction into the AKC under Miscellaneous). Most laid-back of all the Hound Breeds.Acceptable Colors:
Solid Red (preferred)
Small amounts of white on brisket and feet (not extending beyond toes) acceptable
White on brisket should not exceed the size of one hand
Darkened muzzled acceptableTemperament:
Even-tempered when not working
Likes to please
Cold nosed (can track scents even after they have gone cold)
Naturally have a treeing instinct for raccoons, bears, cougar, bobcats, and other small mammals
Make excellent retrievers and water dogs
Height (mid-range preferred):
Males: 22 to 27 inches
Females: 21 to 26 inchesWeight(mid-range preferred, but working dogs can be slightly underweight):
Males: 45 to 70 lbs
Females: 40 to 65 lbsHealth Problems:
Hip Dyspepsia(not frequent)
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (not frequent)
Ear Infections (Yeast), can be avoid with grain-free food and weekly ear cleaning
Obesity (hounds like to eat )Exercise:
High EnergyLife Expectancy:
12 to 14 yearsGrooming:
Low Maintenance: Brush with curry comb weekly
Trim nails bi-weekly
Ears must be cleaned weekly and kept dry to avoid ear infectionsWhat to look for in a breeder:
Provide written documentation of both parents hip x-rays to avoid a line with Hip Dyspepsia
Provided clearance from the Canine Eye Registry Foundation to avoid Progressive Retinal Atrophy
Provided OFA cardiac clearance
Ideal living conditions:Make sure the breeder provided health guarantees on puppies
Cold Tolerance: Low
Heat Tolerance: Medium
High Energy Activities, which might include: Hunting, Field Trials, Tracking, or Search & Rescue"Ideal" owner:
Does not want a clingy or "in your face" dog
Does not mind some noise when excited or on a trail
Does not mind weekly brushing
Does not mind the "houndy" odorTrain-ability:
Can easily bore with formal training (short attention span)
Takes to treat training and positive reinforcement
Dislodging learned behavior is hard
Other traits: (good with kids, cats, other dogs, pets, strangers.... likes the cold, likes the heat... activates/sports the breed does well in)Young Redbones will test to see what they are allowed to get away with.
Bread to hunt raccoons
Is a "barky" dog, will howl or bay at things it deems prey
Needs a good fenced yard, will follow nose where it takes them
Good with kids and small animals if raised with them
Useful links for those who want to own/know more about this breed:
(good breeders, breed info sites, clubs, etc..)